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[双语] 调查:上海青少年学习素养全球第一

2010-12-10 10:55:15  来源:中国日报网站  编辑:陆熙尧   

  最新发布的一项针对数学素养、科学素养和阅读素养的全球调查,中国上海青少年的学习素养位居全球之首。

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资料图:上海青少年

  Teenagers from the Chinese city of Shanghai have the best education in the world, according to a major international study of standards in in maths, science and literacy released Tuesday.

  根据本周二最新发布的一项针对数学素养、科学素养和阅读素养的全球调查,中国上海青少年的学习素养位居全球之首。

  The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's "Pisa" report, released every three years, studied 470,000 15-year-old pupils in 65 countries around the more developed parts of the world.

  经济合作与发展组织(OECD)的此项《国际学生评估项目》针对全球较发达的65个国家或地区的47万名15岁学生展开了调查。该报告每三年发布一次。

  South Korea and Finland topped the country rankings in the survey but, taken separately from China, the huge city of Shanghai -- taking part in the survey for the first time -- came top in all three of the disciplines.

  韩国和芬兰在国家排名中居首,但首次作为独立城市参加调查的中国大都市上海在上述三项评价中均名列榜首。

  "More than one-quarter of Shanghai's 15-year-olds demonstrated advanced mathematical thinking skills to solve complex problems, compared to an OECD average of just three percent," the OECD said.

  OECD表示:“超过四分之一的上海15岁青少年展现出优异的解决复杂难题的数学思维能力。而OECD国家中只有平均3%的学生达到这个程度。”

  Other Asian countries and regions also scored particularly well, and OECD education expert Eric Charbonnier said the continent's success was a result of educational values that favour equality as well as quality.

  其它亚洲国家和地区也表现不俗。OECD教育专家埃里克 查本尼耶称,亚洲的成功源于其教育价值观认为平等和质量同样重要。

  "In Shanghai, a city of 20 million, they followed policies to fight against social inequality, to target the schools that were in most difficulty and send them the best performing heads and most experienced teachers," he said.

  他说:“在2000万人口的上海,人们遵循反对社会不公的原则,关注最困难的学校,给它们派出最优秀的校长和经验丰富的教师。”

  South Korea came second in comprehension, fourth in maths and sixth in science and Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and Japan were well-placed.

  韩国青少年阅读素养名列第二,数学素养名列第四,科学素养名列第六。香港、新加坡、台湾和日本排名也很靠前。

  Finland, whose educational system has been hailedby Western experts, remains the best performing European country, coming third in comprehension, second in science and third in maths.

  芬兰在欧洲国家中排名居首,青少年的阅读素养排名第三、科学素养排名第二,数学素养排名第三。西方专家一直对其教育体制赞不绝口。

  Seven European countries performed better than the OECD average: Belgium, Estonia, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Switzerland. Of these, Poland was praised for making rapid progress through school reform.

  欧洲有七个国家表现好于OECD的平均水平,分别为比利时、爱沙尼亚、冰岛、荷兰、挪威、波兰和瑞士。其中,波兰因学校改革而进步神速,备受夸赞。

  The United States, Sweden, Germany, France, Ireland, Denmark, Britain, Hungary and Portugal scored around the average for richer countries, but pupils in Sweden and Ireland performed worse than three years ago.

  美国、瑞典、德国、法国、爱尔兰、丹麦、英国、匈牙利和葡萄牙的排名接近于富裕国家的平均水平,但瑞典和爱尔兰的学生表现比三年前要差。

  "Better educational outcomes are a strong predictor for future economic growth," said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria.

  OECD秘书长安吉尔 葛利亚说:“更好的教育成果预示着未来经济能取得发展。”

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